Renewable Energy And Climate Change

By Poncho Tian

Introduction

Global warming is the cause of climate change, however climate change describes many global issues that comes with global warming, including iceberg melts, sea level rises, increase of Earth’s temperature, and weather disaster. The cause of global warming is from air pollution. The thick air creates a layer above Earth other than atmosphere, when sunlight reach Earth’s surface and suppose to return heat back to space, most heat were blocked by the gas layer, therefore heating the Earth every year like inside a green house. (NASA-)

The only correct way to stop climate change is by reducing carbon dioxide(Co2) emission, in other words, limit fossil fuel use. Because gas produced by burning fossil field is mainly carbon dioxide, which forms the thick barrier over Earth that prevents heat evaporating. By reducing Co2 emission, climate change could be solved from root. Everyone on the Earth can make some effort to help. The strategy of cutting fossil fuel to limit Co2 emission use is called Renewable energy,a method bolted by every environmental organization. (UCS)

A fact that people should know is, Climate Change is not a political or moral issue, but a scientific issue. Over past 650,000 years, Co2 amount never passed 300 parts per million, until 1950, the amount increase in a rapid speed. The hottest year was 2012 of past 800,000 since human migrated out Africa. (NASA) Based on previous data, scientists are sure that global warming is real. Around the world, only certain political parties in America doesn’t believe this fact.

The who and The Why

Climate change affects the entire globe. Organizations and research groups spreads everywhere to detect newest outcome. In USA, the specter of global temperature is National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). NASA supposedly focus in space projects, but they also investigate Earth and its global issues to build a better future for human. (NASA)

In relation with climate change, NASA has the fullest record of Earth’s increasing temperature every year. They also investigated the cause and evidence of climate change other than air pollution.

The organization which provides more solution would be US Environmental Protection Agency EPA. Different than NASA, their main research subject is human health and environment. EPA also has no political view, they provide factual information all around America,  and record recent project that would help prevent climate change.

In defending climate change, their ideas move across from renewable energy to adaptation and mitigation, because this choice is more effective in short term. EPA also contributes to recent clean energy act announced by president Obama. It’s their goal to care about people’s health in relation with environment. (EPA)

A group that put health of Earth as their center research topic is Unions of Concern Scientist(UCS), UCS is a non government organization, its leader group are mostly experts and scientists. Their goal is to build a healthier planet with science and practical solutions. Global Warming is one of their focus.

UCS also doesn’t have political views, but they will quote political articles as long as it’s related to help resolve their research topic. Their scientists spread around the world to investigate environmental issues. Therefore UCS has a variety of information source, and very professional explaining because of its member group. (UCS

Screen shot 2016-01-21 at 2.21.22 PM

(Data from Unions of Concerned Scientist about people’s understanding of Climate Change.)

Countries near poles are more concerned about renewable energy, while countries with high industry economy want to find another way to solve climate change without affecting their economy. But as more governments realize the importance of protecting environment, they start to promote the use of solar energy. Especially in USA, on December 12, 2015, President Obama announced a plan to combat with climate change. The goal of this project is to reduce 32% carbon dioxide emission from 2015 to 2030, in order to protect health of American family. The project is a global agreement to prevent climate change, and  an affirm of America’s leading position of this act. (whitehouse)

Carbon pollution is the biggest cost of climate change, there are few strategies to eliminate its impact. The president’s clean power plan include regulate power plant, expand clean energy use, cut energy waste, reduce greenhouse gas emission, and most importantly, supports from citizen and federal leadership. (Whitehouse)

The rough estimate of greenhouse gas emission made by EPA is 31% electricity, 27% transportation, 21% industry, 12% commercial and residential, 9% agriculture. There will be multiple approach to limit gas emission. However, the reason that people suggest fossil fuel than other solar energy is because fossil fuel provides more energy. The disadvantage of solar energy is that Sun doesn’t come out every day, when it’s rainy, or stormy, or during night, there will be a lack of energy use. (EPA) So most of the time companies use solar energy with water energy. However this plan implies more dam structure, the power, worker and cost that put into building more dams will be another damage to environment and energy. 

Screen shot 2016-01-21 at 2.21.57 PM

(Formation of greenhouse emission mentioned in text.) 

 Countries near poles are more concerned about renewable energy, while countries with high industry economy want to find another way to solve climate change without affecting their economy. But as more governments realize the importance of protecting environment, they start to promote the use of solar energy. Especially in USA, on December 12, 2015, President Obama announced a plan to combat with climate change. The goal of this project is to reduce 32% carbon dioxide emission from 2015 to 2030, in order to protect health of American family. The project is a global agreement to prevent climate change, and  an affirm of America’s leading position of this act. (whitehouse)

 

 Carbon pollution is the biggest cost of climate change, there are few strategies to eliminate its impact. The president’s clean power plan include regulate power plant, expand clean energy use, cut energy waste, reduce greenhouse gas emission, and most importantly, supports from citizen and federal leadership. (Whitehouse)

 

  The rough estimate of greenhouse gas emission made by EPA is 31% electricity, 27% transportation, 21% industry, 12% commercial and residential, 9% agriculture. There will be multiple approach to limit gas emission. However,  the reason that people suggest fossil fuel than other solar energy is because fossil fuel provides more energy. The disadvantage of solar energy is that Sun doesn’t come out every day, when it’s rainy, or stormy, or during night, there will be a lack of energy use. (EPA) So most of the time companies use solar energy with water energy. However this plan implies more dam structure, the power, worker and cost that put into building more dams will be another damage to environment and energy. 

Screen shot 2016-01-21 at 2.22.10 PM

 

(Formation of greenhouse emission mentioned in text.)

 

 Promoting clean energy use need to take care of many conditions, but it will be the most effective way to resist climate change.  There are also voices suggesting people has to accept their fate, climate change is the irresistible outcome of technology development. However, the behavior of bystanding a global issue shouldn’t be encouraged. There are also scientists that bring out geo-engineering concept, which is restructure the Earth to fit consequences of climate change. Such as shot millions of mirror to space so sunlight could be reflected back, or build walls around shoreline to prevent tsunami. But all these suggestions will cost more energy and pollution that it’s effect.

Conclusion

Promoting clean energy use need to take care of many conditions, but it will be the most effective way to resist climate change.  There are also voices suggesting people has to accept their fate, climate change is the irresistible outcome of technology development. However, the behavior of by-standing a global issue shouldn’t be encouraged. There are also scientists that bring out geo-engineering concept, which is restructure the Earth to fit consequences of climate change. Such as shot millions of mirror to space so sunlight could be reflected back, or build walls around shoreline to prevent tsunami. (Telegraph)But all these suggestions will cost more energy and pollution that it’s effect.

As technology advanced, the cost of using clean energy will be cheaper and more effectively. There will be more creative solutions to find other clean energy source. Cars can use solar battery then normal fuels,  similar battery system could be used on houses to store more energy. This is a long term action, the process will be made slowly but collectively. In the end, people only have Earth, no one want to live in outer space or breath with mask. 

 

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4 Comments Add yours

  1. Amanda Levin says:

    Should our effort be at stopping climate change, or are we simply looking for ways to adapt to it as an inevitability? The research question suggests the latter, but it seems this post suggests the former. Is it something we can stop and/or reverse? Or can it only be slowed?

    Like

    1. Alice Hou says:

      From my perspective, it’s just an inevitability. Most of people using fossil fuel as resource of energy. Almost every product we use are the complex of fossil fuel. And when we are making the product from the fossil fuel from the factory, the emission of CO2 comes with it. I would say it’s impossible to stop the climate change because we have done so much damage to our environment, it’s just hard to restore in a short period. People keep using those non-renewable source to create product we use, and those sources take thousands years to form. It might be slow if we use renewable source such as solar energy, wind. However using solar energy instead of fossil fuel is not that common nowadays for every single citizen, and it costs more than using fossil fuel. People would like to chose the one that benefit them more than thinking about the consequence.

      Like

    2. Poncho T says:

      Sadly, I have to say Climate Change can’t be stopped, unless human abandon technology or they find other energy sources(and that will cost other future problems). The future of Earth will be horrible, and humans may only adapt to it. However, this prediction is based on the assumption that humans don’t do anything right now, so trying best to prevent Climate Change is necessary. We are only giving up Earth unless we sit there and make no effort, because who knows what will happen in future? Future might change, but not unless we make some actions.

      Like

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