Building A New Earth

By Chyna Banks

Introduction 

Global warming has become one of the main concerns in practicing sustainability of our earth. The term global warming can be defined as the change in average temperature over time. According to nrdc, carbon dioxide and other air pollution that is collecting within the atmosphere, described to resemble a thickening blanket and trapping the sun’s heat using the planet to warm up. Global warming has caused major, but reversible damage to the earth. Global warming has not always been a problem, however it is worsening due to the increased man made pollution that our earth was not made to sustain. For example, warm temperatures, high sea levels. and things in that nature are triggered by global warming. According to nrdc in 2002, Colorado, Arizona and Oregon endured their worst wildfire seasons ever. The same year, drought created severe dust storms in Montana, Colorado, and Kansas, floods caused hundreds of millions of dollars in damage in Texas, Montana and North Dakota. Climate change has made its way into the political world that plagues our everyday viewings. Some republicans believe climate change is not “real” and/or is being too heavily promoted. However, there is still hope, due to a change in the belief of global warming and the overall effort of developed countries in becoming more energy efficient.  

The increased amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere could be deemed directly correlated to climate change. Many scientist have been looking into ways to decrease the causes of climate change and work towards reversing pollution caused by humans without causing any unforeseen complications and thus furthering the problem at hand. Some scientists have invested their time into geoengineering and studying the effects trying desperately to improve the horrific pollution of our earth. Geoengineering has become known as the US government’s plan B in response to climate change. Geoengineering could be a possible way to resolve the climate change problem the world is having. At the moment it is impossible to implement at a global scale due to the political and economic issues that surround it.   

The Who and The Why

Republicans and Democrats both have two different views on climate change. Conventional Republicans views express the global warming and climate change may be false whereas conventional democrats on the other hand think it’s an issue.  Bill Gates, who falls in between democrat and republican parties (supporting certain candidates and act from both), is multi-billionaire and cofounder of microsoft. He has funded, with other billionaires, climate scientists that are lobbying government and international bodies to support experiments done with manipulating the climate on a global scale in order to reduce the risk of larger climate change . Bill gates funded climate scientist because he happened to be one of the few republicans that knew climate change was a problem.

Many democrats such as Hillary Clinton,believe  that climate change is a issue and that it should be definitely be improved.  At one point, Hillary  believed that climate change was an immediate difficult challenge. However now she expressed an environmental plan that states the promise of the installment of more than half a billion solar panels across the country. This will increase the amount of energy that’s produced from renewable energy methods from thirteen percent to thirty three percent. (newrepublic.com) Clinton has changed views overtime and noticed the actual problem at hand. It is quite hopeful that more politicians will come around like Clinton and support the Clean energy movement, which has a goal of ridding our environment of harmful energy practices.

Bernie Sanders, a democratic presidential candidate, stated climate is a national security threat, in the 2nd debate he called it “a major global crisis” He believes we must use a sustainable amount of energy and shy away from fossil fuels for the simple fact that if not we will not have a planet for future generations. Bill McKibben ,founder of 350.org called sanders “The most consistent and proactive voice in the keystone fight. Sanders view would be to tax carbon, invest in more natural energy such as solar, wind and geothermal.

There are also some presidential candidates who just hands down don’t believe climate change is an issue. Ben Carson as a republican,  believes that it is happening but he does not believe that it is a big enough problem to become a political issue. According to newrepublic, Carson stated “There’s always going to be cooling or warming going on”.Carson doesn’t want to recognize the fact that climate change can and will end up destroying our planet unless we take action. However at least he acknowledges that it is a truth.

Jeb Bush is  another republican presidential candidate that has expressed views on climate change and his plan for using clean energy. Bush is the son of former President George Bush Sr and brother of President George Bush Jr. His brother put in place the clean air act which basically regulated the air toxins. Jeb Bush is not as radical as Carson in his view on the climate change, he realizes man made pollution is the cause behind problems regarding climate change.

However he deems alarmists as going about it wrongly. Bush rejected obama’s clean power plan and expressed his focuses are on regulating oil and gas exports. Bush is one of the main names talked about in the 2016 and so it’s pleasing to see he is aware of the problems regarding climate change. 

The Who And The Why

Republicans and Democrats both have two different views on climate change. Conventional Republicans views express the global warming and climate change may be false whereas conventional democrats on the other hand think it’s an issue.  Bill Gates, who falls in between democrat and republican parties (supporting certain candidates and act from both), is multi-billionaire and cofounder of microsoft. He has funded, with other billionaires, climate scientists that are lobbying government and international bodies to support experiments done with manipulating the climate on a global scale in order to reduce the risk of larger climate change . Bill gates funded climate scientist because he happened to be one of the few republicans that knew climate change was a problem.

Many democrats such as Hillary Clinton,believe  that climate change is a issue and that it should be definitely be improved.  At one point, Hillary  believed that climate change was an immediate difficult challenge. However now she expressed an environmental plan that states the promise of the installment of more than half a billion solar panels across the country. This will increase the amount of energy that’s produced from renewable energy methods from thirteen percent to thirty three percent. (newrepublic.com) Clinton has changed views overtime and noticed the actual problem at hand. It is quite hopeful that more politicians will come around like Clinton and support the Clean energy movement, which has a goal of ridding our environment of harmful energy practices.

Bernie Sanders, a democratic presidential candidate, stated climate is a national security threat, in the 2nd debate he called it “a major global crisis” He believes we must use a sustainable amount of energy and shy away from fossil fuels for the simple fact that if not we will not have a planet for future generations. Bill McKibben ,founder of 350.org called sanders “The most consistent and proactive voice in the keystone fight. Sanders view would be to tax carbon, invest in more natural energy such as solar, wind and geothermal.

There are also some presidential candidates who just hands down don’t believe climate change is an issue. Ben Carson as a republican,  believes that it is happening but he does not believe that it is a big enough problem to become a political issue. According to newrepublic, Carson stated “There’s always going to be cooling or warming going on”.Carson doesn’t want to recognize the fact that climate change can and will end up destroying our planet unless we take action. However at least he acknowledges that it is a truth.

Jeb Bush is  another republican presidential candidate that has expressed views on climate change and his plan for using clean energy. Bush is the son of former President George Bush Sr and brother of President George Bush Jr. His brother put in place the clean air act which basically regulated the air toxins. Jeb Bush is not as radical as Carson in his view on the climate change, he realizes man made pollution is the cause behind problems regarding climate change.

However he deems alarmists as going about it wrongly. Bush rejected obama’s clean power plan and expressed his focuses are on regulating oil and gas exports. Bush is one of the main names talked about in the 2016 and so it’s pleasing to see he is aware of the problems regarding climate change. 

Screen shot 2016-01-21 at 2.22.25 PM

Case Studies

Geoengineering, though expensive and not completely proven could give the chance at sustainability our world needs. There are multiple methods to this fight against climate change, one being the idea that we can create the exact opposite of the greenhouse gas effect by removing carbon from the atmosphere  and another is solar radiation management. This is basically the reflecting small amounts of the sun, preventing an increase in temperature rise caused by greenhouse gases. Both could prove to be effective on a global scale. However the carbon removal method seems as though it could benefit the world best in the long run and have much longer lasting effects. However the only way these could ever be effective is to implement them  on a global scale, which bring economic and political problems into the potential sustainably our world is desperately in search of.

Afforestation is one sub method considered in removing carbon from the Atmosphere. Afforestation is the mass planting of trees on global scale that is theoretically supposed to basically suck up as much carbon as naturally possible. There is also another possibility that branched from afforestation called direct air capture. This basically is afforestation, but with artificial trees that suck up exponentially more CO2 than natural trees. However this is extremely expensive to do, and would take time that we may not have. Once implemented globally, Geoengineering could save our planet, more specifically afforestation and direct air capture. However this may not be seen, and if ever, in dreams of our unpromised, distant future.   

Screen shot 2016-01-21 at 2.22.37 PM

(This how the techniques of geoengineerning works.)  

Another method within the carbon removal method is enhanced weathering. This can be described as using natural (land and ocean techniques) to store carbon. One example of this is the build up stored carbon within our earth naturally such as in rocks that hold thousands of years worth of carbon. with advanced technology we could send chemicals into the atmosphere that would theoretically send them down into natural carbon storage systems. The ocean technique consists or dissolving limestone, silicates, to reduce acidification and CO2 uptake. Enhanced weathering has been seen as the least economically stressful geoengineering method. However This has been implemented in Iceland successfully in CarboFix project. This shines a ray of light upon our hopes of using energy sustainably and ultimately over time reversing the man made pollution that has plagued our world.   

Screen shot 2016-01-21 at 2.22.50 PM

Conclusion

To conclude, right now geoengineering is ineffective due to the economic and political issues. Economically the US don’t have the money to go through with the global scale. The political issue is that everyone does not believe in global warming which means everyone is not on the in agreement on the matter. This is one reason why it is yet to be tried on a global scale which is needed. Once tried on a global scale geoengineering has the potential to be extremely effective.

        In the future, if technology advances then geoengineering would be a very possible, and if used correctly, an effective way to battle climate change. Geoengineering could very much so save our planet. However, in order for this to be a reality, we all have to be on the same level politically by raising awareness and preparing ourselves to invest in keeping our earth clean. Should the world decide that geoengineering will never work, then maybe we should invest a lot more into our space programs in search of another planet we can destroy natural systems on.  

              

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6 Comments Add yours

  1. Amanda Levin says:

    Could developments in geoengineering reverse the current climatic changes? What kind of costs are we talking about?

    Like

  2. Enrique avalos says:

    How do scientists have the trees take in more co2? Is it a certain type of tree or do they genetically modify a normal tree?

    Like

    1. chynabanks2016 says:

      They genetically modify a tree. There’s not really any specific type of tree.

      Like

      1. Georgia Steinheimer says:

        That’s interesting, I wonder how they do that!

        Like

  3. Ramona says:

    I would have liked to hear more in the presentation about your narrative Chyna, this topic is super interesting.

    Like

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