Annotated Works Cited

Book Discussion on [Dark Alliance].” N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

In this video interview, Steve Scully interviews Gary Webb on his book “The Dark Alliance”. They discuss Webb’s investigation and his subsequent departure from the Mercury News, as well as the ins and outs of the Iran-Contra scandal and the War on Drugs. This source details Webb’s writing process for his book, which played a major role in the case study on Webb and his life and investigation.

CIA Public Affairs and the Drug Conspiracy Story.Managing a Nightmare(n.d.): 9-14. 29 July 2014. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This source details how the CIA managed to cover up stories of conspiracy along with Webb’s web series, while remaining in good light in the public eye. This source is another example of the types of organizations Webb was up against, and the lengths to which they would go to remain in the right. Along with that though, was the destruction of Webb and his story, along with his career in journalism.

Dark Alliance: The Story Behind the Crack Explosion.Dark Alliance: The Story Behind the Crack Explosion. N.p., Apr. 1996. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This website is the official site for the Dark Alliance series run by Gary Webb from the Mercury News and was a journal record of his investigation into CIA ties with Nicaraguan Contra drug trafficking. The site goes deep into the details and complexities of their search and their findings. This was the beginning of Gary Webb’s dealings with this subject, and his the outlet he first began receiving ridicule for.

Devereaux, Ryan. “How the CIA Watched Over the Destruction of Gary Webb.” The Intercept. N.p., 25 Sept. 2014. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This source details the great lengths the CIA and other news agencies, specifically the L.A. Times, went to keep Gary Webb’s investigation quiet, and how they did their best to discredit all of his work, while simultaneously destroying his career as a journalist. This article examines the lengths to which Webb’s opponents went to keep his investigation from gaining publicity or support, and shows how meticulous and devious they were, all in the interest of saving their own reputations.

Gore, Karenna. “Apology Not Accepted.Slate. N.p., 19 May 1997. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This article discusses Gary Webb’s relationship with his editor at the Mercury News Jerry Ceppos, and how after bailing on Webb’s web series “Dark Alliance”, Ceppos wrote a piece chastising Webb and his efforts on the project, and detailing Webb’s various shortcomings. This source summarizes the relationship the two shared, and how it eventually ended. The actual editorial by Ceppos, I was not able to find.

Is the War on Drugs succeeding?, Harvard Law Today, Robb London, July 1, 2005, Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This source from The Harvard Law Today talks about the report from The Drug Policy Alliance which talks about how drug policy and law enforcement reduce the drug useage.  And points out what is the real problem that exist in the U.S. society.





Parry, Robert. “How John Kerry Exposed the Contra-cocaine Scandal.”Saloncom RSS. N.p., 25 Oct. 2004. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This article also discusses John Kerry’s investigation into CIA ties with Nicaraguan Contra drug trafficking. The article goes deeper into Kerry’s investigation detailing his tactics when presenting his case, as well as the backlash he received as a relatively new politician. This source helped to analyze Kerry’s character and how it played into his handling of his investigation.

Measuring Success in the War on Drugs, William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies National Defense University, July 2014, Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

In this research, Pat Paterson and Katy Robinson finds out how does the drug policy that corresponds to the price of drugs and the usage of drug.  And examines the metrics of counternarcotics strategy in the America by following the production and trafficking of drug.

Michelle Alexander, (book) Web. 19 Jan. 2016.

Michelle Alexander wrote a book called The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. In her book she specifically talks about African-American males being incarcerated for the most minor drug possession. The government is continuing slavery just in a different system. Black males are stuck behind bars and are getting told what to do by officers. Michelle Alexander’s Article was useful in many ways although I didn’t get to use it as much as I would have like to.

Newspaper Admits Shortcomings in Drug Series.” AP News Archive. N.p., 11 May 1997. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This source explains a letter that the Mercury News sent out to the public concerning their series “Dark Alliance”, and its flaws, mostly in editing and unrestrained hyperbole. These were the main sources of ridicule on the series and the letter was sent out as a sort of disclaimer for the newspaper. This is yet another piece of evidence of how Webb’s work was picked apart and stripped of credibility, this time at the hands of his own former employers.

Schou, Nick. “Ex-L.A. Times Writer Apologizes for “Tawdry” Attacks.” L.A. Weekly. N.p., 30 May 2013. Web. 18 Jan. 2016

This source is an account by a former L.A. Times writer Jesse Katz, who played a major role in the destruction of Gary Webb’s journalism career, which details his efforts to confuse Webb’s theories and shut down his investigation. This article exemplifies the harsh and unrelenting nature of Webb’s critics, and how only after Webb’s death were they able to feel any remorse for the journalist.

Successes in the Fight Against Drugs, United States Drug Enforcement Administration, April 2015, Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This source details the drug impact on demand from 2000 through 2014, including teenage drug use, current marijuana use, methamphetamine, ecstasy, and cocaine.

The Drug War is the New Jim Crow, ACLU, NACLA Report on the Americas, July/August 2001, Web. 19 Jan. 2016.

This is the source, by Graham Boyd, that I used for the start of my narrative. It mostly talks about how African-American males are incarcerated at a unbelievable rate. Boyd states that this is no longer a “War on Drugs”, that this has always been a “War on Poverty”. Graham brings up a major issue that felons have to face: After becoming a felon, one no longer has the right to vote. In comparison to my narrative, this particular article helps make my narrative stronger because i referred to this article a lot.

The Government is Involved (video) Web. 19 Jan. 2016.

The first couple of videos explain the major part of why the government is also involved although they try not to get the finger pointed at them.

The War on Drugs Is Succeeding, Hutchinson, Asa, The War on Drugs. Ed. Tamara L. Roleff. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2004. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from “speech to Baylor University.” 2002. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This article excerpted from a speech Asa Hutchinson’s gave at Baylor University in 2002 and emphasize his point of view on War on Drugs by analyzing Drug War Myths in the United States.

The War on Drugs, explained, Vox, German Lopez, JAN 11, 2016, 10:36A, Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

In this article, it briefly explains about what is War on Drugs and how does the U.S. government enforce the War on Drugs.

US Concedes Contras Linked to Drugs, But Denies Leadership Involved. AP News Archive. N.p., 17 Apr. 1986. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This source from the Associated Press gives a report of the US’s knowledge of Nicaraguan Contras and their involvement in drug trafficking to the United States. It details their confession of this involvement, but also their denial of having any leadership in those acts, nor any rebel leadership. This source confirms that at least part of what Gary Webb was trying to argue was, in fact, true, and that his journalism on the subject is given less credit than it is worth.

Voting Changed Everything, Web. 19 Jan. 2016.

In this particular article, a woman named Beverley DuBois went to jail for growing marijuana. Her case was a major role in providing a example why felony disenfranchisement is affecting facts.

With Probes, Making His The New York Times, n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This source examines John Kerry’s involvement and interest with the CIA and their involvement in/knowledge of drug trafficking to the US with aid from rebel Contras. This article discusses Kerry’s role in these investigations and how he handled the situation, as well as how he was received by other politicians. This source was useful in understanding Kerry’s role in this narrative, and he was met when presenting these ideas.

2014 National Drug Threat Assessment Summary, United States Drug Enforcement Administration, Web. 18 Jan. 2016.

This source examines the report from United States Drug Enforcement Administration and addresses emerging developments related to the trafficking and use of primary illicit substance of abuse and the nonmedical use of controlled prescription drugs.


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